It is unlikely that anyone in the world of cinema is not familiar with the name of Jack Foley. His contribution to the art of making films is that he drew attention to sounds that were previously considered secondary. Film producers realized that with the using of noise such as the sound of footsteps, rustling of leaves or ringing of glasses, you can add the completeness and realism to the sound picture.
So, how to make a recording of cinematic noise? If you have time and budget, it is best to make noise recording in a special room, and not during the main video capture process. Background cinematographic sounds have a different nature. Some of them are very loud, such as the sound of a shot or the slamming of the door. Others, similar to rustling leaves or creaking feathers are very quiet.
When recording quiet sounds, it makes sense to use a high-sensitivity condenser microphone and a high-quality sound card. It is important that when passing sound through the cable and intermediate amplifiers, a minimum of extraneous noise occurs. In other words, if it is possible to reduce the number of elements in the recording circuit, you need to do this.
What microphones are used to record cinematic noise?
Beginning filmmakers do not have the necessary technical knowledge to use complex instruments and to create optimal electrical circuits to avoid interference. For beginners, USB mics are best suited. Such devices operate without a microphone amplifier and a mixer. All you need to record is a microphone and a laptop.
Most models of USB microphones on the market operate without additional software. Basic operating system drivers are enough. Here are some of the most popular models:
Behringer C-1U. Very simple and affordable microphone, which has a built-in analog-to-digital converter operating at 48 kHz / 16 bit.
Blue Snowball. One of the first USB microphones, very popular among users.
MXL 990. Popular microphone model adapted to the USB format. The delivery set includes a microphone stand and a box for transportation.
What software to use?
The choice of software depends on the particular user and his consumer preferences. All modern programs have all the basic capabilities for recording and processing audio, as well as for converting them to various formats. Below are some of the most popular programs.
Ableton Live – one of the world’s leaders in popularity. The program is useful both for beginning musicians and professionals. The toolkit of Ableton Live gives the users a truly wide range of possibilities for working with sound. The maximum sound quality when working with the program is 32 bit / 192 kHz. In addition to the sequencer and audio editor, the program has synthesizers, filters, delays, limiters and other processing tools.
Logic Pro X. The program has more than 10-year history of development and is consistently associated with Apple products. The package includes a huge number of tools and effects.
Avid Pro Tools. The most advanced software for sound recording and post-production. This program is widely used in world-class professional recording studios.